The lagoon of Agios Mamas is “Site of Community Importance” and “Special Protection Area” of the ecological network NATURA 2000 with code GR1270004. It is situated near Agios Mamas in the area of Nea Moudania and its size is 6.332.000 m2. The water is brackish, the vegetation is short and the area looks as a sandy waste land. In the hydro-biotope, a lot of uncommon birds are nourished, reproduce themselves and spend the winter. There are also some mammals, reptiles and amphibians.
- Hydro-biotope code: 127086000
- Region: Central Macedonia.
- Altitude: 0 meters.
- Hydro-biotope type: Coastal periodically flooded salt – brackish water marsh.
UNLIVEABLE FEATURES: Three water-collections with brackish water. The two are natural depressions of the ground and the third is a trench that a long time ago linked the marsh with the sea, in the area of the canal of Potidea. To the side of the sea a vast sandy area system with length 3,5 km and breadth 120-250 meters which was formedunder the influence of sea and wind streams. The marsh accepts the water from discharges of the wider area and from the underground infiltration of sea water.
BIOTIC FEATURES: Vegetation: a) vegetation of dunes and sandy beaches (thistles, velvetleaf, spurge, agriokardamouda, a solution of ethyl, straw, thorn, sea lily, b) halophytic-imialofytiki vegetation (thrifts, armyrithra, halimione portulacoides, salsola soda, suaeda maritime, aeluropus litoralis, c ) wet prairie vegetation (rushes, straw, limonium gmelinii, d) vegetation reeds (agriokalamo, straw). In parts of the perimeter area of wetland are arable crops.
FAUNA: Birds (Barbara, Stilt, Avocet, Eurasian Stone-Curlew, collared pratincole, Mediterranean Gull, mafroglarono swan, flamingo).
MAJOR TODAY’S VALUES: Cattle-breeding, quarry, scientific, relaxation, educational.
USAGES: Fit for pasture,relaxation, tourism.
MOST IMPORTANT POSITIVE ACTIONS: References in international and European hydro-biotope catalogues (important area for bird-fauna ICBP-IWRB), land-planning and adjusting research, ecological researches and surveys.